Today In History Slideshow | 04-18-17

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Maj. Gen. James Doolittle, his Tokyo bombing crew, and some Chinese friends are pictured in China after the U.S. airmen bailed out following the raid on Japan, April 18, 1942. From left: Staff Sgt. F.A. Braemer, bombardier, of Seattle; Sgt. P.J. Leonard, engineer-gunner, of Denver; unidentified; First Lieut. R.E. Cole, co-pilot, of Dayton, Ohio; Gen. Doolittle, pilot; unidentified; First Lieut. H.A. Potter, navigator, or Pierre, S.D., and unidentified. (AP Photo)

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Vice-President Henry A. Wallace reaches to autograph the baseball he tossed out, April 18, 1944 to open the national season at game between the Washington Senators and the Atheletics in Washington D.C. (AP Photo)

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Lieut. Col. Adna R. Chaffee, commander of the First U.S. Cavalry, mechanized, prepares for the long hike from Fort Knox, Kentucky to Fort Riley, Kansas, for maneuvers, April 18 1934. The overland trips of the unit always attracts wide attention along the route. (AP Photo/Kirkpatrick)

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FILE - In this April 18, 1996 file photo, a Egyptian police investigator inspects the bullet-hit windshield of tourist bus at the entrance of hotel Europa in Cairo, Egypt. Four Islamic militants opened fire on Greek tourists in Cairo, killing 18 people outside Hotel. (AP Photo/Enric Marti, File)

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Bill Russell grins at announcement that he had been named coach of the Boston Celtics basketball team, April 18, 1966. Russell, 32, former University of San Francisco star becomes first black coach in National Basketball Association history. (AP Photo)

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Pittsburgh Pirates manager Frankie Frisch yells from the Pirates dugout before the game with the St. Louis Cardinals at Sportsman Park in St. Louis, April 18, 1944. Others are unidentified. (AP Photo/Edward Kitch)

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Jarrett Johnson, top, of Cohen Capital Group, talks to fellow traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, Monday, Apr. 18, 2011, in New York. Stocks are sharply lower after Standard & Poor's issued a warning on U.S. government debt. Fears about Europe's debt problems are also pushing markets lower. (AP Photo/Henny Ray Abrams)

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FILE - In this file photo taken April 18, 2011, Frank Babino, of Knight Capital Americas, works on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. Standard & Poor's warning that it could downgrade the United States' credit rating continued to haunt the markets Tuesday, April 19, but hopes for a small recovery on Wall Street helped ease the selling pressure in Europe.(AP Photo/Henny Ray Abrams, file)

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HOCKEY, NHL, RETIREMENT, RETIRING, LAST GAME, REACTION, ALONE ON ICE PROFESSIONAL HOCKEY PLAYER WAVING TO FANS CROWD

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A trader works on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, Monday, April 18, 2011, in New York. Stocks are sharply lower after Standard & Poor's issued a warning on U.S. government debt. Fears about Europe's debt problems are also pushing markets lower. (AP Photo/Henny Ray Abrams)

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FILE - This April 18, 2007, file photo, shows Operation Rescue President Troy Newman, middle, speaks during a press conference by Operation Rescue on the 5-4 vote by the U.S. Supreme Court decision to uphold the ban of partial-birth abortions, outside Dr, George Tiller's clinic in Wichita, Kan. In a nation divided by abortion, Kansas has become perhaps the fiercest battleground -- with mass protests, prosecutions, lawsuits and now the killing of Dr. Tiller on Sunday, May 31, 2009, keeping the issue almost constantly in the public eye. (AP Photo/Larry W. Smith,file)

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This was the scene when San Francisco was devastated by the great earthquake and fire on April 18, 1906. Scene looks down Sacramento Street. Property loss was close to $350 million. More than 60,000 buildings, half of them homes, were shattered or burned. Some 265,000 of the 360,000 residents were homeless. (AP Photo/Arnold Genthe)

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FILE - In this April 18, 1943, file photo, Fred Mandel, foreground, president of the Detroit Lions, and Charles "Chile" Walsh, assistant coach of the Cleveland Rams, look over prospects at the player draft of the NFL in Chicago. The NFL draft is back in the City of Big Shoulder Pads for a seventh time beginning Thursday, April 30, 2015, expecting a much warmer reception than it got nearly 80 years ago from the very first pick in its very first draft. (AP Photo/Harry L. Hall, File)

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Jane Neri, animal warden and parking enforcement officer, gives a playful tug on the ears to “Gabby” a foxhound rescued in the New York City suburb of Bedford on April 18, 1993. She tries to find homes for the animals which come into her care rather than leave them to fate in the local shelter. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

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A Chinese security guard gently tries to move a weeping young woman away from the ornate entrance to the Chinese Communist Party headquarters, Zhongnanhai, early on Wednesday, April 19, 1989 in Beijing. University students converged on Zhongnanhai after demonstrating in Tiananmen Square all day on Tuesday. The students tried to storm the gate, but were fought back by Chinese security. (AP Photo/Mark Avery)

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A Chinese student reads a poem under a huge portrait of former communist party chief Hu Yaobang on the martyrs monument on Wednesday, April 19, 1989 in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. (AP Photo/Mark Avery)

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Precession in Libya’s capital town in Tripoli on Friday, April 18, 1986 for allegedly killed in the bombing by the US when they attacked Tripoli last Tuesday. (AP Photo)

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Two of the twenty coffins of some allegedly killed by the US. in last Tuesday’s attack on Tripoli and other Libyan towns, in a mass burial in Tripoli, Libya on Friday, April 18, 1986. (AP Photo)

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Fourteen contestants for the upcoming Miss USA Pageant pose beside a bicycle built for twelve in New York,, April 18, 1985 during a promotion for the 12th annual Bike-a-Thon for United Cerebral Palsy. From left to right are; Miss Ohio, Lisa Barlow; Miss Pennsylvania, Sandra Furgusin; Miss Texas, Laura Herring, on handle bars; Miss California, Zina Ponder; Miss District of Columbia Christal Chacon; Miss Florida, Barbara Losh; Miss Illinois, Laura Ann Bach; Miss Massachusetts, Mercedes Waggoner; Miss Michigan, Nancy Mazuro; Miss Minnesota, Kari Johnson; Miss Missouri, Amy Ruth Cloverdale; Miss New Jersey, Francie Knapp; and Miss New York, Lovey King. (AP Photo/Mario Suriani)

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“Denby the Robot” turns his head to greet visitors at the Robots 7 Conference and Exposition which opened in Chicago’s McCormick Place in conjunction with the 13th International Symposium on Industrial Robots on Monday, April 18, 1983. Denby, a humanoid type, is produced by Robotics International of Jackson, Mich. (AP Photo/James Bourdier)

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A U.S. Marine wears a gas mask after rescue workers using a backhoe broke open a stock of tear gas that had been stored in the Embassy, April 19, 1983. Tear gas drifted up through the rubble, causing rescue workers and Marines to cough and sneeze. The Embassy, seen in the background, was severely damaged in a bomb blast yesterday. (AP Photo/Bill Foley)

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Rescue workers carry the body of one of the victims from the bomb blast at the American Embassy in Beirut, April 19, 1983. The blast caused extensive damage to the Embassy and killed 47 people while wounding 130. (AP Photo/Paola Crociani)

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A U.S. Marine stands guard as rescue workers search the rubble of the U.S. Embassy in Beirut for bodies. Rescue workers search the collapsed front of the building after the terrorist bombing on April 18, 1983. (AP Photo/Bill Foley)

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This is a general view of the American Embassy in West Beirut, seen April 18, 1983, which was damaged by a huge bomb blast Monday afternoon. The bomb collapsed the entire front of the seven-story building. Note Lebanese army vehicles have closed the road off. (AP Photo/Eddie Tamerian)

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This is a general view of the American Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, after a huge bomb blast caused the collapse of the entire front of the seven-story structure, April 18, 1983. Rescue vehicles are seen in foreground as a helicopter flies overhead. (AP Photo)

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Rescue workers are shown carrying the body of a victim of the bomb blast at the American Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, on April 18, 1983. The entire front of the seven-story building collapsed. (AP Photo/Jamal)

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Sen. Edward Kennedy talks with reporters before NBC's "Meet the Press" program, Sunday, April 18, 1982, Washington, DC. Kennedy was a guest on the program that was broadcast live. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)

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Debbie Harry, lead singer of the rock group Blondie, left, arrives at New York's Majestic Theater to attend 42nd Street with her group's lead guitarist, Chris Stein at night, Saturday, April 18, 1981, New York. (AP Photo/Steve Sands)

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In a Philadelphia, United States, office, on April 18, 1979 R. Buckminster Fuller holds up a Tensegrity sphere - one of his inventions that’s inspired a space project. Dr. Ernest Okress of the Franklin Center envisions the structure, made of rods and cables, as the basis for a Spherical Tensegrity Atmospheric Research Station – STARS. A giant Tensegrity sphere could be light and strong enough to support a floating space station a mile in diameter. (AP Photo/WGI)

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Britain?s Leader of the Conservative Party The Rt. Hon. Margaret Thatcher admires twelve-month-old calf. ?Lady Maggie? at Willisham Farm near Ipswich, England, April 18 during her nationwide election campaign tour. (AP Photo/Bob Dear)

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Soldiers of the new revolutionary army in Iran carry a picture of Ayatollah Khomeini, wave to the crowd as they pass the Freedom monument. in Tehran. The monument built by Shah Pahlevi to commemorate 2,500 years of Persian monarchy --during on Wednesday, April 18, 1979 military parade in Tehran. Called "Islamic Army Day," the date is to remain as a national military anniversary. (AP Photo)

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Senate Minority Leader Howard Baker (R-Tenn.), and Senate Majority Leader Robert Byrd (D-W. Va.), share congratulations after the Senate ratified the second Panama Canal treaty in Washington on April 18, 1978. (AP Photo)

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Leaders of both sides in the debate on the Panama Canal treaties, scheduled to come to a vote on Capitol Hill in Washington on April 18, 1978, examine a roster of their fellow senators on the day of the historic vote. From left are: Minority Leader Sen. Howard Baker Jr. (R-Tenn.), Sen. Paul Laxalt (R-Nev.), the leader of the opposition to the treaties; Majority Leader Sen. Robert Byrd (D-W.Va.), and Sen. Frank Church (D-Idaho), floor manager for the treaties. (AP Photo)

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Diana Ross? horizons are opening wide on all sides, and the gold of those million-selling record albums and singles is shining on into her career as a solo performer. Since she left the popular Supremes singing group at the end of 1969, there have come along a television special, plans to star in her first movie, top female vocalist record sales in 1970, appearances in top night clubs, and now talk of a Broadway show. Success depends on trying hard enough, believes Diana, pictured on April 18, 1971 at home in Hollywood. ?You make what you want out of life. It?s up to you.? (AP Photo/Hal Filan)

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American movie actress Shirley MacLaine who gained world fame by her role as Irma la Douce pictured, April 18, 1977 in Frankfurt, during press conference at start of her tour through Germany. (AP Photo)

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The thick carpets in the gymnasiums are among the many signs of ultra luxury at La Costa Spa and Country Club-by-the-sea at Carlsbad, California, 90 miles from Los Angeles and 30 miles from San Diego. Beverlee Metzger puts four male guests through an exercise class in the men’s gym on April 18, 1967. Miss Metzger is director of women’s activities. (AP Photo/Dick Strobel)

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J. Donn Aiken, director of the Maryland Employment Service, is surrounded by books in Baltimore, April 18, 1969 of job openings produced by computer and copier which are the heart of Baltimore’s Job Bank. The project conceived by Aiken lists 9,000 available jobs. (AP Photo)

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White clay sculpture of Martin Luther King Jr., in entrance hall of American Embassy in Tel Aviv, April 18, 1968. The tribute to King was done by Jewish sculpture Arie Ben-dor. With bust are Israeli secretaries to the Embassy Dina Furman and Roslyn Zacks. (AP Photo)

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West German construction workers have a chat in West Berlin, April 18, 1967 at the meters high wall separating the city, as the communists hold their seventh party congress in East Berlin. (AP Photo/Edwin Reichert)

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Actor Boris Karloff, center, gets a look at what he looked like in movies not too many years ago, at a party in Karloff's honor at the Magic Castle in Hollywood, an old mansion where magicians meet, April 18, 1967. Manuel Welton is inside the Frankenstein costume. Simian at right is unidentified. (AP Photo/Harold P. Matosian)

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All decked out in Easter Finery, these French poodles take part in the Easter parade on Fifth Avenue in New York on Easter Sunday, April, 18, 1965. Their outfits include light blue capes and hats, accented with jeweled collars. The poodles, Petite Amour, left, and Cha Cha, are owned by Mrs. Lilly Ellmer of New York City. (AP Photo/Dave Pickoff)

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Secretary of State Dean Rusk jumps out of a HU-1B helicopter in Saigon on April 18, 1964, during his tour through the central Vietnam countryside. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

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Representatives of the Congress of Racial Equality and student groups mass at the City Hall steps in Columbus, Ohio on April 18, 1964 to support civil rights leaders protesting alleged de factor segregation in Cleveland’s schools. The demonstrators marched for several blocks in downtown Columbus before the rally at City Hall. The picketing was peaceful. (AP Photo)

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A one year old cat and a six month old St. Bernard dog relax after a play session, April 18, 1963. The two are great pals. The dog was brought into the family by a Frankfurt, Germany newsman when he was about the same size, as the cast. (AP Photo)

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Democratic Sens. Henry Jackson, left, and Warren Magnuson, from Washington state, call on President John F. Kennedy at the White House in Washington on April 18, 1962, to hand over a gold telegraph key to be used Saturday when the chief executive opened the Seattle World’s Fair. Six previous presidents have used the key to open other expeditions, the Holland tunnel and the Panama Canal. The key is solid gold with platinum contact points and is mounted on a slab of Alaskan marble enclosed with gold nuggets. (AP Photo/John Rous)

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Coretta Scott King Jr., left, integration leader, the Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth, center, and Mrs.Juanita . Abernathy, leave Birmingham jail after visit with King and Abernathy, two leaders of integration movements in Birmingham April 18, 1963. (AP Photo/VHS)

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President John F. Kennedy joins in the laughter at his news conference in Washington on April 18, 1962, after making a stab at the word “proliferation,” fumbling it, then joining in the newsmen’s hilarity at the slip. Laughter echoed through the auditorium again when he replied to a question about the FBI’s awakening newsmen in the middle of the night to question them about what steel executives had said. (AP Photo)

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British actress Elizabeth Taylor and Welsh actor Richard Burton leave a Rome restaurant, Italy, together after dining there on April 18, 1962. Miss Taylor dined with two leading men of her ‘Cleopatra’ movie, Burton, who plays in the role of Mark Antony and Rex Harrison who portrays Julius Caesar. (AP Photo)

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Youthful demonstrators protesting against nuclear armaments wade in the fountain in Trafalgar Square, London on April 18, 1960, during the huge rally to protest against the continued production of nuclear weapons. Some 40,000 demonstrators marched into Trafalgar Square in a procession that began at Aldermaston more than three days ago. Demonstrators were still pouring into Trafalgar Square this afternoon. (AP Photo)

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Despite changing weather conditios spring has reached Berlin with teperatures around 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit) and people came to enjoy the sunshine April 18, 1964 at Lake Wannsee, West Berlin, Germany. --- Trotz des launigen Wetters zeigte sich das Wetter in diesen Tagen von der besten Seite. Bei 25 Grad Waerme und Sonnenstrahlen ließ es sich am 18. April, 1964 schon im Sand des Strandbads Wannsee aushalten. (AP Photo/Str)

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Here’s a view looking down in London’s Trafalgar Square on April 18, 1960, as an army of peace marchers gathered around Nelson’s Column in a vast demonstration against nuclear weapons. Shows marchers coming into the square from all directions. The marchers formed a six-mile-long column and included persons from practically all ranks of life. It was the biggest demonstration ever staged in London against the use of nuclear weapons. (AP Photo)

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Guitar strumming youths and banner bearers march into London on April 18, 1960 in the 20,000-strong procession of anti A-bomb demonstrators protesting against the manufacture of nuclear weapons. The procession is heading for Trafalgar Square, London, where a huge anti-bomb rally is scheduled. (AP Photo)

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Nearly 70,000 persons pack in Trafalgar Square, London on April 18, 1960, in demonstration that climaxed four-day “Ban the Bomb” march from Aldermaston to the British capital. Aldermaston is British atomic research center. (AP Photo)

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President Dwight Eisenhower throws out a ball to his second pitch to open the American League baseball season, April 18, 1960. Vice President Richard Nixon is seated at left. Bob Allison of the Washington Senators, who caught the first throw, is at right. Second row: from left; Alfred Gruenther, President American Red Cross, Secretary of State Christian Herter; Joe Cronin, American Washington Senators President, Manager Bill Judges of Boston Red Sox. (AP Photo)

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President Dwight Eisenhower grins broadly as he prepares to make the traditional presidential pitch on April 18, 1960 at Washington?s opening baseball game of the season. (AP Photo)

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The Dalai Lama is shown on April 18, 1959. (AP Photo)

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Like a memorial to glories of the past, a ball, bat and glove occupy a lonely spot in the center of Ebbets Field, once the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers in New York, April 18, 1958. (AP Photo/John Rooney)

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Queen Elizabeth II wearing swagger coat and headscarf and carrying motion picture camera, climbs aboard an old farm cart from where she and Queen Mother Elizabeth, left, watches the horse trials on April 18 at Quarry Jump, Badminton, Gloucestershire, England. (AP Photo)

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Familiar pipe on an open book, a cluttered desk and a blackboard covered with mathematical equations surround the empty chair in Dr. Albert Einstein’s office at the Institute for Advanced Study, at Princeton, New Jersey on April 18, 1955. The famous physicist died of a gall bladder ailment at the age of 76. (AP Photo/Jacob Harris)

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Maj. Ted Lawson, left, and Gen. Jimmy Doolittle are the sights of M-G-M studio in Los Angeles, April 18, 1955 by a pair of eye-catching beauties, Anne Francis and Ann Blyth, right. Doolittle and his fliers who bombed Tokyo in 1942 visited the studio as part of their reunion in Los Angeles on the 13th anniversary of their exploit, which Lawson described in his book, “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo.” (AP Photo/Harold Filan)

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Betty Furness, whose usual place is in the kitchen on TV, works on needlepoint in her New York apartment living room, April 1, 1955. It's one of her hobbies. Knitting and photography are the others. Betty makes a handsome living doing refrigerator commercials on TV every Monday night. She will have a chance to get in some real acting April 18 as star on the Studio One show. She would like to do more acting, but says she can't afford to give up the profitable, steady commercial work. However, a new three-year contract with her sponsor gives her permission to make 12 guest performances a year. (AP Photo)

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With a big gap between him and the nearest horse, unbeaten Native Dancer pulls away at finish to win 1st division of $30,000 added Gotham Stakes and his debut as a three-year-old at Jamaica Race Track in New York City on April 18, 1953. With Jockey Eric Guerin in the saddle, Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt?s Kentucky Derby favorite took command as eighth of a mile from home in the mile and one-sixteenth race. Directly behind him is Magic Lamp, Jackie Westrope up, finishing second. Third horse was Sickle?s Sound. Native Dancer paid $2.30 to win. (AP Photo/JR)

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Reg Parnell, the winner, during the third event, Chichester Cup, in the British Automobile Racing Club’s meeting at Goodwood, England on April 18, 1949. Parnell, who was driving for the Italian “Scuderia Ambrosianan,” broke the course record at 86.4 miles per hour. (AP Photo/Leslie Priest)

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Celebrations were daylong April 18, 1949 throughout Ireland marking the birth of the country as an Independent republic outside the British Commonwealth. Official moment of severance was at a few minutes past midnight last night, when Eire's new status was greeted with trumpet fanfares, drum rolls and gun salutes. Highlight of today's merry-making was a big military parade through the streets of Dublin. Troops firing "Feu de Joie" salute over crowd, during Independence Day celebrations at night, on April 18, 1949 in Dublin. (AP Photo)

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President Sean T. O'Kelly, in stand on steps of the Dublin General Post office, reviews troops of the Irish Republic marching in the parade in Dublin, Ireland on April 18, 1949, which celebrated Ireland's complete severance of ties with Great Britain. This is Independence Day for the Irish Republic. (AP Photo)

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Irish troops parade in O'Connell Street celebrating the birth of the Irish Republic, Irish infantrymen march along O'Connell Street in Dublin, Ireland on April 18, 1949. The day selected for the formal celebration of the severance of all ties with the British Commonwealth was the 33rd anniversary of the unsuccessful "Easter Rebellion." (AP Photo)

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Circus performers, Betty and Benny Fox, go into their act on a small platform projected over Michigan Avenue from the 13th Floor window of the Congress Hotel in Chicago, April 18, 1949. The daring pair is employed by the Barnes Brothers Circus. (AP Photo/Paul Cannon)

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Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (center) meets with leaders of Americans for Democratic Action before the opening of a two-day state meeting at Albany on April 18, 1947. Others in the picture are Joseph P. Lash (left), executive director of the New York ADA, and Eduard C. Lindemann, chairman of the ADA for the meeting. (AP Photo)

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This April 18,1946 file photo shows Montreal Royals Jackie Robinson. The quaint Montreal duplex that served as sanctuary to the Robinsons during the early part of his career is being recognized by the U.S. government. That chapter in American civil rights will be celebrated Monday, Feb. 28, 2011 when U.S. diplomats unveil a commemorative plaque at the apartment the couple called home in the summer of 1946. (AP Photo/John J. Lent)

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On February 28 to March 2, Lady Edwina Mountbatten, Lady Superintendent-in-Chief of the St. John’s Ambulance Nursing Division, and representing the British Red Cross and St. John’s joint War Organization Committee, visited the British 36th Division in central Burma. Lady Mountbatten visits Indian soldiers in a kitchen and tasted food at a Casualty Clearing station, in Burma, on April 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Tanks and other vehicles rumbled up a hill between plodding infantrymen of the 90th infantry division, third army, as they cross the Czechoslovakia border into Gottmannsgrum, near Asch, April 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Interior of the prison hospital in the Langenstein concentration camp, where three prisoners were forced to occupy one bunk, regardless of their illness, Germany on April 18, 1945. The hospital had no sanitation facilities and men died by the dozens - often patients were compelled to sleep with their comrades, dead at their side, until the bodies were removed. (AP Photo)

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This 16-year-old unmarried German mother smiles as she holds up her infant son near Ludenscheid, Germany on April 18, 1945. The child is the result of the Nazi patriotic "Baby Program" for the production of future German soldiers. (AP Photo)

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A Polish hospital physician points outs the scars on the back of a prisoner, brutally beaten by the Germans, when he was caught stealing potato peelings in the Langenstein concentration camp, Germany on April 18, 1945. This prisoner received internal injuries which are beyond any medical aid. (AP Photo)

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Major General Henry Twaddle, C.G. of the 95th Infantry division, U.S. 9th Army, held a Liberation Parade at the Office - 6A prison camp for French officers at Soest, where 4,000 French officers have been imprisoned for five years. General Twaddle handed a French flag to the French Commandant of the camp, which was flown by the side of the Stars and Stripes. Major General Twaddle and the French Commandant taking the salute at the parch-past of the 4,000 liberated French officers at Soest, Germany on April 18, 1945. (AP Photo)

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Left to right are Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius Jr.; H.E.M. Georges Bidault, Minister of Foreign Affairs of France; President Harry S. Truman and French Ambassador Henri Bonnet, shown April 18, 1945. In the background is James Dunn. (AP Photo/John Rous)

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General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Allied Supreme Commander in the European theater, makes an inspection tour of a RAF bomber wing somewhere in England on April 18, 1944. With him at the control tower: top left, Maj. Gen. L.H. Brereton, commander 9th USAAF; top right, Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, commander 2nd Tactical Air Force; center left, Group Captain C.R. Dunlap; and bottom right, Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford L. Leigh-Mallory, Air commander -in-chief. The general at lower left is unidentified. (AP Photo/British Official Photo)

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Lt. Gen. Jimmy Doolittle, Lt. Gen. Carl Spaatz, and Capt. Robert S. Johnson at an inspection of an English bomber station in England, April 18, 1944. (AP Photo)

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General Eisenhower, Supreme Allies Commander of British and U.S. Expeditionary Forces, inspected an R.A.F. medium bomber wing Tuesday, April 18, 1944. He was accompanied on his tour of inspection by Air Chief Marshal Sir Traffors L. Leigh-Mallory, K.C.B., D.S.O., Air Commander in Chief, Allied Expeditionary Air Force, Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, K.C.B., D.S.O., M.C., A.F.C., Air Officer Commanding 2nd Tactical Air Force and General L. H. Brereton, Commanding General 9th A.A.F. General Eisenhower in the control tower of an R.A.F. medium bomber wing, with him are: General L. H. Brereton, Commanding General 9th A.A.F. (top left hand corner); Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, Air Officer Commanding 2nd Tactical Air Force (top right hand corner); Group Captain C. R. Dunlap (centre left); General Eisenhower (centre right); Air Chief Marshal Sir Traffors L. Leigh-Mallory (bottom right hand corner). (AP Photo)

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in leading car, drives past troops of Camp Robinson, near Little Rock, Arkansas, where he attended church services on April 18, 1943. (AP Photo)

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American soldiers upon entering Gafsa, Tunisia on April 18, 1943 found an old, old swimming hole in this Roman bath built in antique times for soldiers and civilians of by-gone days. They lost no time putting it to good use. Said to be very medicinal and warm, the bath was nevertheless fine for washing a swim between battles. (AP Photo)

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FILE - In this April 18, 1942 file photo, U.S. Army Air Corps Lt. Col. James Doolittle fastens a medal on the tail of a 500-pound bomb that he and the crew of 16 B-25 bombers dropped on Tokyo during a surprise raid. Coming just four months after the Imperial Japanese Navy savaged the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, the Doolittle raid on Japan's home did little damage, but lifted the spirits of Americans and electrified a world at war. (AP Photo, File)

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FILE - In this April 18, 1942 file photo, one of Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle's B-25 bombers takes off from the flight deck of the USS Hornet for the initial air raid on Tokyo. Coming just four months after the Imperial Japanese Navy savaged the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, the Doolittle raid on Japan's home did little damage, but lifted the spirits of Americans and electrified a world at war. (AP Photo, File)

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FILE - In this April 18, 1942 file photo, one of Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle's B-25 bombers takes off from the flight deck of the USS Hornet for the initial air raid on Tokyo. Coming just four months after the Imperial Japanese Navy savaged the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, the Doolittle raid on Japan's home did little damage, but lifted the spirits of Americans and electrified a world at war. (AP Photo, File)

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From left to right are Charles Breach, 15, engineer’s apprentice; Dennis Lawson, 15, Warehouse Porter; Bill Crawley, 16, motor mechanic; Thomas Crump, 16, munitions factory worker, April 1, 1942. Breach and Lawson are playing checkers and Crawley and crump are playing “shove Ha ‘Penny”, a favorite British game. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A woman and her dog console each other in a London rest home on April 18, 1941. The window shutters of the home were blown in on them during an air raid on London. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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In some of the villages in the B.E.F. area the teachers are mobilized in the French Army. British soldiers with some experience with children have been lending a hand in teaching in the schools. In these pictures we see an English lesson in progress on April 18, 1940. An “English” class in progress. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Junior officers and warrant officers of the British Army are as they receive instruction in the art of throwing hand grenades while crouching behind a low cover. The men are attending a training school “somewhere in France” on April 18, 1940. The two signs in the right background which have been painted out by the censor to prevent identification of the site by the enemy. The tactics the men are learning is one often used by patrol units. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Interior view of Lectine theater of the Southern Railway ARP train, April 18, 1940. Gas masks and outfits are on display. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Long Bushy hair and thick mustache have been trademarks in the makeup of Dr. Albert Einstein, famed scientist who died on April 18 at Princeton, N.J. He is shown in various stages of his life as he appeared about 1934. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Mexican WBC Champion Julio Cesar Chavez happily gesturing after he kept his champion belt against super featherweight Brazilian Francisco Tomas da Cruz, April 18, 1987 in Nimes, France. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz)

by: Associated Press

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This is a photo showing the destroyed American Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, following a car bomb, April 19, 1983. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Manager Sparky Anderson and his Detroit Tigers stand on the foul line during "The Star Spangled Banner" before Detroit's home opener against Kansas City. Detroit lost the game 9 to 6 before a crowd of 50,687 on April 18, 1980 in Detroit. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Senators who have been prominent in shaping the debate on the Panama Canal treaties, from left, Majority Leader Robert Byrd, D-W.Va.; Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho, floor manager for the treaties; and Sen. Dennis DeConcini, considered to hold a pivotal vote meet Tuesday, April 18, 1978 at Capitol Hill prior to the final vote later in the day in Washington. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Thomas A. Edison poses with the the tin-foil phonograph, which he exhibited at the National Academy of Science in Washington and later demonstrated for the president at the White House, on April 18, 1878. The phonograph, Edison's favorite invention, was invented on Aug. 12, 1877. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Former Beatle John Lennon and his wife, Yoko Ono, leave U.S. Immigration hearing in New York on April 18, 1972. Lennon was given 60 days to leave the country voluntarily or be deported as an undesirable alien at the hearings. Lennon is being deported as part of President Nixon's effort to silence him as a critic of the war in Vietnam. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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A Jubiliant Jose Napoles of Mexico City waves a hat high in the air as he is hoisted onto the shoulders of fight fans in Los Angeles April 18, 1969 after beating Curtis Cokes of Dallas, Texas. Napoles is the welterweight championship of the world. (AP Photo).

by: Associated Press

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Black Power movement advocate H. Rap Brown, center wearing sunglasses, leaves the Dorchester County courthouse following his arraignment in Cambridge, Ma., April 18, 1968. Brown, who was freed on bond, was charged with inciting to riot stemming from a speech he made in Cambridge last summer which was followed by violence and fires. Brown's attorney William Kuntzler is at left. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Jazz trumpeter Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong is shown with a camera in a dressing room in a theater in Rome, Italy, April 18, 1962. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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People walk through the rubble following an earthquake in San Francisco on April 18, 1906. On April 17, 1906, San Francisco was cosmopolitan enough to host Enrico Caruso in "Carmen" and so financially flushed it ranked fourth among American cities in raising money to help victims of a volcano in Italy. A day later, San Francisco was pleading for help itself after a giant earthquake struck along the San Andreas Fault. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Eleanor Roosevelt testifies before the Senate antitrust subcommittee and speaks on hearing aids in Washington, D.C., April 18, 1962. Roosevelt, who is wearing a hearing aid, chided hard-of-hearing persons for letting their vanity prevent use of modern hearing devices. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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EARTHQUAKE AFTERMATH FIRE NATURAL DISASTER DESTRUCTION GENERAL OVERALL VIEW BUILDING ARCHITECTURE HOMES SMOKE DAMAGE GREAT QUAKE

by: Associated Press

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This photo shows the buckled pavement and curbstones at the corner of 18th Street and Lexington Street resulting from the earthquake on April 18, 1906 in San Francisco, Calif. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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This is a tyipical scene in the aftermath of the great San Francisco earthquake that struck on the morning of April 18, 1906. This view is southwest from the corner of Geary and Mason Streets, San Francisco, Ca. (AP Photo/U.S. Geological Survey)

by: Associated Press

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GENERAL OVERALL VIEW DESTRUCTION DAMAGE NATURAL DISASTER EARTHQUAKE BUILDING COLLAPSE GREAT QUAKE

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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What is left of a building facade tumbles to the street, following the devastating earthquake that nearly decimated San Francisco, April 18, 1906. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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This photo, taken later in the day following the earthquake on Wednesday, April 18, 1906, shows the damage caused by the natural disaster along a broad avenue in San Francisco, Ca. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Eisenhower passes a welcome sign as he arrives back in Augusta, Ga., April 18, 1960 after interrupting his vacation at nearby Augusta National Golf Club to fly to Washington to open the American League baseball season by tossing out the first ball. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Prince Rainier III and actress Princess Grace Kelly wave from the palace terrace at Monaco in the South of France on April 18, 1956. The couple is hosting a garden party for the people of Monaco on the palace grounds after being married in a civil ceremony at the palace a few hours earlier. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Prince Rainier and Grace Kelly after their civil marriage at Monaco Palace, April 18, 1956. Seated center, left to right, her brother, John B. Kelly, Jr., his wife, Grace's mother and father, John B. Kelly. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Former debutante Susan Hampshire, 18, reveals lace-trimmed bloomers as she whirls in a rock and roll dance number with Michael Spring-Rice at the Star Chamber in London, England, April 18, 1957. The jazz club is run by Marchioness of Donegall and meets once a week. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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**FILE**First and second graders at St. Vibiana's school are among the first to be innoculated for polio with the new Salk vaccine in Los Angeles, Calif., April 18, 1955. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Portrait of Albert Einstein taken in Princeton, USA, in June 1954. Einstein was born at Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879. Encouraged by his father, who was an electrical engineer, Einstein studied at the Zurich Polytechnic Institute until the age of 21, shortly afterwards starting work at the Swiss Patent Office. Although famous for his papers on special and general relativity, he won the 1921 Nobel Prize for physics for his work on the photoelectric effect. Einstein died on April 18, 1955 without completing his Grand Unified Theory of the fundamental forces, still incomplete today. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Dr. Jonas Salk, developer of the polio vaccine which was pronounced effective, listens to a reporter's question, at a news conference in in Pittsburgh, April 18, 1955. Dr. Salk has returned from Ann Arbor to renew his work at the Municipal Hospital where the vaccine was developed. (AP Photo/Paul Vathis)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Leonard "Buster" Roos, eight-year-old cancer victim, sits in a toy wagon on the porch of his Parkertown, NJ, home, April 18, 1946 and watches Babe Ruth go to bat for him with Frankie Saluto, left, and Charles Bell, right, circus clowns, going into their act on the sidelines. The visit by Ruth and clowns was planned by the American Cancer Society to fulfill requests made by the dying boy during a radio program on April 13. Leonard, whose will to live has amazed doctors, has lost a leg and a lung to the dreaded disease. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Mae Weston, top, grips Mildred Burke in a combination toe hold and leg lock as they wrestle during a match in Newark, N.J. on April 18, 1949. (AP Photo/Ed Ford)

by: Associated Press

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Mahatma Gandhi walks with his arms around the shoulders of one of his granddaughters and her friend at the Municipal Sweepers Colony at New Delhi, April 18, 1946, where the Indian leader is in residence during the cabinet mission discussions. From left to right are Sita Gandhi, 18, daughter of Gandhi’s son, Manilal, of Durban, South Africa; Tara Gandhi, 12, managing director of the Hindustan Times; Gandhi; and Ormila Mehta, 13, Tara's friend. Also seen is Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Pete Gray, one-armed outfielder for the St. Louis Browns, throws the ball during pre-game warm-up in St. Louis, Mo. on April 18, 1945. Gray learned to throw and bat with his left hand after he lost his right arm as a child in a truck accident. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Switchboard operators of the Air Formation Signals man a telephone exchange at a Royal Air Force headquarters Somewhere in England, on April 18, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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One of the greatest air armadas of the war struck deep into the Reich, including military objectives in Berlin, in daylight on April 18, 1944, bringing the total weight of bombs dropped on the German capital close to the 40,000 ton mark. Up to 1,000 Fortresses and Liberators, escorted by another 1,000 long-range fighters made the attack from bases in Britain. Of all this force only 19 U.S bombers and six fighters are missing. Crews riding back to the interrogation room at an airfield somewhere in England on April 19, 1944, after taking part in the great raid. Front row left to right: Staff Sergeant Harry Yamha, Technical Sergeant Jack Hubbard, Staff Sergeant James Cannon. At back left to right: Lieutenant Charles W. Young, Staff Sergeant Clifford Shakespeare, Staff Sergeant Eugene B. Steinmann, Lieutenant Kenneth Dowell, Lieutenant D.A Sharkey, and Lieutenant Carl Frantz. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Martin B-26 Marauder bombers, of the U.S. 9th Air Force, return to England from a mission over Charleroi, Belgium, April 18, 1944. The bombers' targets were a railway yard and power station. Allied bombing missions against communication and transportation targets in northern Europe were important to the success of the Normandy invasion in June. (AP Photo/U.S. Army, Wever)

by: Associated Press

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A giant tree falls exactly where the "gunners" planned, between the two hemlock trees, April 18, 1944, place unknown. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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American soldiers cook and eat a fish which has been caught in a Guadalcanal island pool during their spare time on April 18, 1943. They got the fish by dynamiting the water. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Jim Tyack of the Philadelphia Athletics on April 18, 1943. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Hungarian Premier, Count Pal Teleki, and his Foreign Minister Count Istvan Csaky, arrived on their official visit to Rome. They were met by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano. The Italian-Hungarian talks are just part of the patchwork of talks and counter-talks which are taking place over Europe. Whilst the totalitarian states and their sympathizers, Hungary is one of these, discuss the last stage of the democratic coalition against aggression is taking place in Moscow. Left to right are Count Ciano, Count Pal Teleki, Count Istvan Csaky and Benito Mussolini in the railway station after the arrival of the Hungarian Premier and Foreign Minister in Rome on April 18, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh play the title roles in Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet" at the Geary Theater in San Francisco, April 18, 1940. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Roosevelt puts his all into baseball's official no. 1 heave of 1938 preceding the season opening Senator-Athletics battle at Washington, April 18, 1938. Others are, left to right: Connie Mack; Clark Griffith, Senator owner; and Bucky Harris, Senator manager. (AP Photo/stf)

by: Associated Press

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Austrian Tank Battalion drawn up ready to start manoeuvres at Bruck, Austria, on April 18, 1936. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Answering an appeal for 100,000 new nurses to make up the war-time staffs of the civil nursing reserve which will have to operate all British emergency hospitals?if war should come-these young English girls were enlisting as volunteers at London recruiting stations, April 18, 1939. Here they are being fitted out with uniforms at the Red Cross headquarters in London. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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American evangelist Aimee McPherson kneels and prays in New York, USA, April, 18, 1928. Aimee is due to tour Britain later this year. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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With the first tents pitched, these hungry members of the Forestry Army on April 18, 1933 at Luray, Virgnia line up outside the camp kitchen for dinner, as chef Max Plutkins, prepares to hand out the beans. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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A refugee camp is seen near Rock Hill on upper Market Street in San Francisco, following the devastating earthquake that nearly destroyed the city, April 18, 1906. There is a spring on Rock Hill which provided one of the few emergency drinking water supplies. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Hibernia Bank building is in ruins following the massive earthquake that devastated the San Francisco area, April 18, 1906. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Houses lean at bizarre angles on Howard Street near 17th Street in San Francisco following the disastrous earthquake that nearly leveled the city, April 18, 1906. Note how the tall house at center has separated from its foundation and leans against its neighbor. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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