Today In History Slideshow | 4-13-17

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Insurgent soldiers of Gen. Francisco Franco's army move into Lerida - gateway to Catalunya - after a smashing and important victory in their drive which cut Loyalist Spain in two, April 13, 1938. Lerida fell after a six-day battle. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Duke of Edinburgh, in Rome with Princess Elizabeth, is shown during workout to play in the annual tournament between Italian teams and teams from Malta, April 13, 1951. (AP Photo)

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Country western musician Spade Cooley wipes a tear away after hearing his daughter testify at the coroner's inquest into the death of Cooley's wife Ella Mae, April 13, 1961, in Bakersfield. (AP Photo/Ellis R. Bosworth)

by: Associated Press

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An advance security unit of the American 1st Infantry Division, search the ruins of an old fort at Gafsa, Tunisia for Axis snipers, April 13, 1943. The old fort looks like the backdrop for a French Foreign Legion film. (AP Photo)

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Madonna, center, charms the hearts of Japanese rock fans during her opening performance in the rain at the newly inaugurated Marine Stadium in Makuhari, just east of Tokyo, Friday, April 13, 1990, Japan. (AP Photo/Keiichi Tenma)

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U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt pauses to greet 3-year-old Jean Doering of Washington at the start of the annual Easter Egg Rolling at the White House, April 13, 1936. Thousands of children attended. (AP Photo)

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Film star Joan Crawford reads the funnies to three of her four children at a studio bungalow in Hollywood, Los Angeles on April 13, 1945. The children are 8-year-old twins, Cindy, left, and Cathy, and Christopher, 12. Joan took them along to the studio when a call on Saturday at night for retakes for a movie spoiled weekend family plans. The fourth of Joan's adopted children, Christina, 15, was away at school. Joan, in slacks and sweater, was waiting for the set to be readied before getting into an evening dress for beach shots. (AP Photo)

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Susan Atkins, a member of the Charles Manson "family", appears in court in Los Angeles, April 13, 1971. (AP Photo/Wally Fong)

by: Associated Press

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FILE - In this April 13, 1964 file photo, cars are seen jammed by the Miyake-Zaka underground highway interchange under construction as many construction works go on in Tokyo for the upcoming Olympics opening in October. A half-century after the 1964 Tokyo games heralded Japan's reemergence from destruction and defeat in World War II, the city's triumphant bid to host the 2020 games is giving this aging nation a chance to revive both its sagging spirits and its stagnating economy. To prepare for the 1964 games, Japan rushed to build expressways and introduced its first high-speed "Shinkansen" bullet trains. (AP Photo/Koichiro Morita, File)

by: Associated Press

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Rik van Steenbergen of Belgium beat Italy's Fausto Coppi by two lengths over the line in winning the 50th annual Paris-Roubaix road race on April 13, 1952. General view of the field bunched on the Ecouen Climb near Paris, France just after the start of the race. (AP Photo/Jean Aubry)

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Salvadoran soldiers of the 3rd Brigade take naps in barracks alongside boxes of machine gun ammunition in San Miguel, in eastern El Salvador, April 13, 1984. The area north of town has been the scene of recent combat involving many soldiers from the San Miguel fort. (AP Photo/Luis Romero)

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Kathryn Murray, wife of the dance teacher, Arthur Murray, rides her bicycle through midtown in New York, April 13, 1943. She makes the trip everyday to her husband's dance studio, where she is a director. Mrs. Murray says the family's automobiles are garaged "for the duration," to conserve gasoline for the war effort. (AP Photo/Bob Wands)

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Actor Steve McQueen at Le Mans in France on April 13, 1970. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz)

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FILE - In this Wednesday, April 13, 2011, file photo, former baseball player Barry Bonds leaves federal court in San Francisco, after being found guilty of one count of obstruction of justice. The U.S. Department of Justice formally dropped its criminal prosecution of Barry Bonds, Major League Baseball's career home run leader. The decade-long investigation and prosecution of Bonds for obstruction of justice ended quietly Tuesday morning, July 21, 2015, when the DOJ said it would not challenge the reversal of his felony conviction to the U.S. Supreme Court. (AP Photo/Noah Berger, File)

by: Associated Press

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FILE - This April 13, 2011, file photo shows former baseball player Barry Bonds leaving federal court, in San Francisco, after being found guilty of one count of obstruction of justice. Bonds' post-trial hearing was postponed from Friday to June 17, giving prosecutors more time to consider whether to retry the home run king and allowing the former player's lawyers another month to sharpen their arguments for throwing out the lone conviction. (AP Photo/Noah Berger, File)

by: Associated Press

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FILE - In this April 13, 1997 file photo, Masters champion Tiger Woods holds a replica of the Masters Trophy after winning the tournament at the Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Ga. On his web site Friday night, Dec. 11, 2009, Woods announced that he is taking an indefinite break from professional golf. (AP Photo/Bill Waugh, File)

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FILE - In this April 13, 1997, file photo, Masters champion Tiger Woods receives his green jacket from the previous year's winner Nick Faldo, rear, at the Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Ga. In a statement Tuesday, March 16, 2010, Woods said he will play at Augusta National after a four-month hiatus because of a sex scandal. The Masters begins on April 8. (AP Photo/ Dave Martin, File)

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Melody Cooley, 14, daughter of country star Spade Cooley, is shown as she testified in the coroner's inquest into the death of her mother, Ella Mae Cooley, April 13, 1961, in Bakersfield. Spade Cooley is accused of murdering his estranged wife. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A supporter holds a photo of Egypt's ousted president Hosni Mubarak as riot police stand guard outside a courtroom in Cairo, Egypt, Thursday, April 13, 2013. An upbeat and alert-looking Hosni Mubarak waved to his supporters after he was wheeled into a Cairo courtroom on Saturday for the first session of his retrial on charges of complicity in the killing of demonstrators during the 2011 revolt that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)

by: Associated Press

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Actor Steve McQueen at Le Mans in France on April 13, 1970. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz)

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Three 500 HP Westinghouse power units are used to pump the oil from H-2 to H-3 in Iraq on April 13, 1947. When the new line is completed, this pumping hut will be incorporated in the new pumping plant now under construction. (AP Photo/J. Walter Green)

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Rodney King, wearing a straw hat, watches Los Angeles Dodgers-St. Louis Cardinals game from his seat behind home plate at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles, Tuesday, April 13, 1993 as a jury few miles away deliberates the fate of four Los Angeles Police officers accused of violating King?s civil rights. King, former usher at the stadium, was an invited guest of Dodger outfielders Darryl Strawberry and Eric Davis. (AP Photo/Kevork Djansezian)

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Los Angeles commander Michael Bostic, right, looks over quotes in a training bulletin shown to him by defense attorney John Barnett during testimony in Simi Valley, California on Monday, April 13, 1992. The training bulletin contained LAPD comments regarding the Rodney King beating seen nationwide on an amateur video made in March of 1991. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terill)

by: Associated Press

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Princess Diana and her son Prince Harry at the Natural History Museum in London, England on April 13, 1992. (AP Photo)

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Smoke rises from the sinking Cypriot registered oil tanker Haven after a huge explosion rocked the tanker, April 13, 1991. The tanker was crippled by an explosion on Thursday west of Genoa in Italy. The explosion which is the second blast in three days, is spreading flames over the sea and is currently hampering efforts to avoid an ecological disaster on the Italian Riviera. (AP Photo/Dino Nazzaro)

by: Associated Press

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U.S. President George W. Bush flies a kite on Good Friday, April 13, 1990 in Hamilton, Bermuda as two children watch. In back at right is Vicent Tuzo who made the kites flown by Bush and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Tuzo is the "Kite King" of Bermuda. (AP Photo/Doug Mills)

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Oliver North right, and his attorney Brendan Sullivan leave for U.S. District Court in Washington on Thursday, April 13, 1989. North will take the stand again for the sixth straight day in his trial. (AP Photo/Doug Mills)

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Libyan Women’s Army in Tripoli on April 13, 1986. (AP Photo/Herve Merliac/John Redman)

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Actor James Garner is shown in character as “Bret Maverick” on the set of his television show, April 13, 1982, Los Angeles, Calif. (AP Photo/Wally Fong)

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New York Mayor Edward Koch addresses the closing ceremonies of the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors at the Sylvan Theater in the Washington Monument grounds, Wednesda, night, April 13, 1983. (AP Photo/Al Stephenson)

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Heavyweight champion Larry Holmes lands a left to challenger Trevor Berbick during their title fight in Las Vegas, Saturday, April 13, 1981. Holmes pounded out a unanimous 15-roiund decision to retain his title. (AP Photo)

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Actor Jack Klugman shown during a break on the Quincy lot, April 13, 1980, Los Angeles, Calif. Klugman is completing his fifth year in the hit fifth year in the hit television series. Its a show that allows Klugman to do what he does better than anyone else on TV: express outrage. (AP Photo/Wally Fong)

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A truck leads a convoy of hundreds of vehicles to the capitol building in San Juan, Sunday, April 13, 1980. Cuban exiles in Puerto Rico were demonstrating solidarity with Cubans seeking asylum at the Peruvian embassy in Havana. Signs on the truck, which also flies the Cuba, Puerto Rican and U.S. flags, say ?Cuba is Alive? and ?10,000 in 38 hours. If he doors were opened it would be 10 million.? (AP Photo)

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Patty Hearst, flanked by U.S. Marshals Janey Jimenez and John Brophy, Patty Hearst leaves the Federal building at San Francisco, Monday, April 13, 1976 hours after her sentencing on bank robbery by U.S. District Judge Oliver J. Carter. She faces additional charges in Los Angeles on Wednesday. (AP Photo)

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Local children taunt a British soldier as he stands guard in Londonderry, Northern Ireland on April 13, 1972, after an explosion in the city center. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz)

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A stunt man is pulled in the fire behind his car during a demonstration in Paris on April 13, 1975. (AP Photo)

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An armed British soldier stands guard in Londonderry, Northern Ireland on April 13, 1972, following an explosion and fire which wrecked a local tea house near the city center. (AP Photo)

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Police officers wade through thousands of copies of Bild Zeitung near the Springer publishing house in West Berlin, West Germany, early morning April 13, 1968. Earlier thousands of demonstrators stopped a delivery truck loaded with morning editions of the Springer concern and emptied it on the streets. (AP Photo/Herrmann)

by: Associated Press

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Silk jersey dress with down pleats opening into flairs below waist featuring La Mendola’s print ‘Canton’ in deep royal purple, violet and jade green, April 13, 1971. Purple satin laces latch up the front and the sleeves. Shoes by Albanese in purple suede, ankle strap with platform sole. (AP Photo/Torrisi)

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The huge Saturn rocket carrying the Apollo 13 spacecraft is on its moon mission, lifts off the launch pad at Cape Kennedy, Fla., April 11, 1970

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A protestor is detained by police in Munich, Germany, on April 13, 1968 during demonstrations to prevent the delivery of the Bild Zeitung newspaper. (AP Photo/Klaus Frings)

by: Associated Press

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Mrs. Robert Kennedy, wife of the Democratic Senator from New York, holds her new son, Douglas Harriman Kennedy, as they leave Georgetown University in Washingrton on April 13, 1967 for home. The baby, born on March 24, is the 10th child of the Kennedys. Standing behind the baby is two-year-old Christopher Kennedy. (AP Photo/ Henry Burroughs)

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Police carry off architecture Professor Thomas Sieverts. He was one of about 350 persons arrested following a student demonstration on the Kurfuerstendamm in Berlin, Germany, on April 13, 1968. (AP Photo/Herrmann)

by: Associated Press

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Marianne Faithfull and Glenda Jackson are rehearsing a scene from Chekhov’s “Three Sisters” at the Royal Court Theatre in London, England on April 13, 1967. Marianne portrays Irina in the play which opens on 18th April. (AP Photo/Frank Leonard Tewkesbury)

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Tourists test the hippies philosophy of love for everybody, April 13, 1967, Haight-Ashbury district, San Francisco, Calif. A bus company recently started tours through Hippie Town. In protest the hippies have staged two demonstrations and sit-ins at intersections, tying up traffic for hours. (AP Photo/Robert W. Klein)

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Vietnam Day Committee members, an anti-Viet Nam protest group, listen to speakers on the platform, background, during a demonstration in front of the Berkeley, Calif., City Hall on April 13, 1966. The group had tried to enter a council meeting in session, but was stopped by some 70 officers from the Berkeley police department, assisted by 60 deputies from the Alameda Sheriff’s office. (AP Photo)

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Dr. Martin Luther King urged in a press conference the Johnson administration consider prompt U.S. withdrawal from the Vietnam war, in Miami on April 13, 1966. King said his organization plans to immediate demonstration for Vietnam peace. (AP Photo/Toby Massey)

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Neil Armstrong, left, with his wife Jan and son Eric, ride in an automobile parade after making his return to his hometown, April 13, 1966, Wapakonta, Ohio. (AP Photo/Julian C. Wilson)

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Actress Elizabeth Taylor carries her little white pet dog as she alights from car to enter a fashionable clinic on the edge of Rome on April 13, 1966. One report said she would undergo minor surgery, another that she would have a checkup before starting work on her new film, ?The Taming of the Shrew,? with which her husband, Richard Burton, is already occupied. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The changing face of Tokyo shows itself in this view which includes the gigantic Miyake-Zaka underground highway interchange on April 13, 1964. It is one of many construction jobs through which Tokyo is preparing for the Olympics opening next October and for its future growth. Roads and subways being built are behind the needs. (AP Photo/Koichiro Morita)

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Italian director Federico Fellini accepts the Oscar his film won in Hollywood at night on April 13, 1964 as actress Julie Andrews makes the presentation on stage at the Santa Monica (Calif.) Civic Auditorium. The winning film, in the category of best foreign language film of the year, was ?Federico Fellini?s ?8??. (AP Photo)

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Sidney Poitier, with his best actor Oscar, and Annabella with the best actress Oscar she accepted for Patricia Neal, who didn’t attend the ceremonies, April 13, 1964 in Santa Monica, California. (AP Photo)

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A faithful son paints in characters recording the name and vital statistics of his mother, whose picture appears on her tombstone, in one of the cemeteries outside Hong Kong on April 13, 1964. This is one way in which the Chinese pay homage to heir ancestors on the day of the Ching Ming Festival. (AP Photo/Kong)

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British troops of the United Nations peace force in Cyprus in discussion with Turkish Cypriots on Small Beer Hill, Cyprus, on April 13, 1964. (AP Photo)

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Actor Sidney Poitier is photographed with his Oscar statuette at the 36th Annual Academy Awards in Santa Monica, Calif. on April 13, 1964. He won Best Actor for his role in "Lillies of the Field." (AP Photo)

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Lance Corporal Kenneth Jones, of Tidworth, Wiltshire, holds up the United Nations flag as Captain Geoffrey Brierley of the 1st paratroop brigade watches troop movements in the surrounding countryside from Small Beer Hill, Cyprus, April 13, 1964. (AP Photo)

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African Americans gather in “Harlem Square,” Seventh Ave and 125th St. in New York, and listen to James Thornhill, organizer of the African Nationals in America, Inc., on April 13, 1963. This is the third annual observance of “African Freedom Day” and the meeting failed to lure the featured speakers. Among billed speakers who did not attend the rally were: Rep. Adam Clayton Powell; Black Muslim leader, Malcom X; Hulan Jack, former Manhattan borough president and Dick Gregory, an African American entertainer. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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British actress Elizabeth Taylor sitting in her car as she returns to her villa, together with two of her pet dogs, from a nightclub in Rome, Italy, on April 13, 1962, where she had been in the company of Welsh actor Richard Burton. Both Miss Taylor and Burton drove to and from the nightclub in separate cars. Onlookers report Liz Taylor was sobbing when she left the nightclub. Liz left the nightclub ahead of Burton and was escorted by Tug Barton, Richard Burton’s friend. Burton drove to another bar on his own and stayed there for some time. (AP Photo/Lino Nicche)

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Such a sale had never been seen before in the annals of French recording, it is believed: A million copies of one record, sold in six months! The record ?Viens danser la twist? (the French version of lets twist again), and the singer is the ever popular Johnny Hallyday. He sings the song both in French and in English. To celebrate the event, the firm which makes the records gave a party at the bowling green of the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, April 13, 1962, during which Johnny Hallyday was presented with a solid gold recording the millionth of his successful song. (AP Photo/Babout)

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President John. F. Kennedy and the Shah of Iran during a White House conference in the Cabinet Room in Washington on April 13, 1962. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara is at right. (AP Photo/Bob Schutz)

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President John F. Kennedy is briefed by an aide, Ken O’Donnell, on the steel industry situation as they stand aside at NATO’s Atlantic Fleet headquarters in Norfolk, Va., on April 13, 1962. Their talk concerned an announcement by Bethlehem Steel not to raise prices, a move the president took a stand against at this week’s Washington news conference. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Down down down goes a vacationing coed doing the limbo, with a twisted beach robe replacing the usual pole, on the beach at Ft. Lauderdale, Florida on April 13, 1962. (AP Photo/Earl Shugars)

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Mayor Joel C. Stamper, of Rehoboth Beach, Del., right, talks to the construction men, Rudy Sack, left and Sam Wertz as they work beside a wrecked building in Rehoboth Beach, April 13, 1962, ravaged by last month’s storm. Stamper is pleased with the progress the resort is making in getting it back on its feet for the vacation season. (AP Photo/Warren M. Winterbottom)

by: Associated Press

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Umpire John Stevens persuades Roger Maris of the New York Yankees to return to his outfield position after a bottle-throwing incident during the New York-Detroit game at Tiger Stadium in Detroit, April 13, 1962. Maris brought the pop bottle into the Yankee dugout and refused to return to right field until persuaded to do so by the manager and umpires. (AP Photo/Alvan Quinn)

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After a flight from the Philippines Rita Moreno excitedly discusses the Oscar she won earlier that evening with two other winners, at a party in Beverly Hills, following the Academy Award presentation, April 13, 1962. At left is director Robert Wise; at right, George Chakiris. All won the coveted prizes for work in ?West Side Story;? Rita and George as best supporting actress and actor, Wise as co-winner for best directing. (AP Photo/Harold P. Matosian)

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Stan Musial (6), St. Louis Cardinals, crosses plate in Chicago with the 1,860th run he has scored in his long career, April 13, 1962. This is a new National League record. Catcher is Sam Taylor of the Chicago Cubs. Run was scored in second inning. Musial singled, reached second on a wild pitch, third on a safe bunt, and scored during a double play. (AP Photo/Harry L. Hall)

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Mother love, Bassett hound style, takes on all comers. These two ducklings, leftover from Easters, at the home of Susan Norris, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James D. Norris, are constant companions of her sleepy-eyed, long-eared hours named Henrietta in Miami, Florida, April 13, 1961. The ears are especially handy during cool weather. (AP Photo)

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President Kennedy poses in his White House office, Washington on April 13, 1961 with Mrs. Frances Willis, the new U.S. Ambassador to Ceylon. (AP Photo)

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The U.S. Air Force disclosed on April 13, 1951, that five B-29 Superfortresses, similar to those shown above on a bombing mission in Korea, have been lost in operations thus far in the war. Two of the big bombers were shot down on April 12 in a big raid on Yalu River Bridge linking Antung, Manchuria and Sinuiju, Korea. The others were lost in prior engagements, the Air Force said. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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To disrupt Japanese supplies destined for the Burma front, more than 80 heavy bombers of Strategic Air Force, Eastern Air Command, flew across the Indian Ocean, March 19, 1945 in the longest raid they had accomplished to that date. When the crews returned from their mission some of them had been in the air for 17½ hours and had flown 2,500 miles. While U.S.A.A.F. B-24 bombers attacked a series of targets south of Chumphon in the Gulf of Siam, R.A.F. Liberators attacked the heavily used railway sidings at Na Nien, eight miles west of Chumphon, in Siam. Some of the aircraft which went in to attack from as low as 400ft. saw prisoners of war waving to them as they passed over the isthmus. The whole sidings were covered by the attack and many railway buildings were left on fire. Whilst one part of the sidings was completely burnt out. Trains were set on fire and a large oil fire started. Not content with this devastating attack, some of the aircraft flew another 50 miles further south and strafed locomotives on the Singapore rail route. Photograph taken from one of the R.A.F. attacking aircraft, showing the whole of the target area burning fiercely in Burma, April 13, 1945. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A chest harness fitted on Norman J. Lee, right, of the Investigation Bureau of Illinois, checks breathing rate in Chicago, April 13, 1948. Hand plates respond to action of sweat glands. Three pens write the record including pulse and blood pressure rates. Leonarde Keeler, left, who developed the machine, called a polygraph, and Alex Gregory, of his investigation staff, conduct the questioning of Lee, who is a student of their technique. (AP Photo/Edward Kitch)

by: Associated Press

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Wallets, belts and novelty items are fashioned by sailor and Marine patients in the leatherwork shop of the rehabilitation department at U.S. Naval Hospital, Farragut, Idaho on April 13, 1945. From left to right around the table are Lloyd Mullis, aviation Machinist’s mate, third class, of (1818 Crane Street) Evanston, Ill.; (second man unidentified); Charles G. Barber, yeoman, second class, of (347 Hudson Street) Redwood City, Calif.; Sherman Steigel, seaman, second class, of (6932 Paxton Avenue) Chicago; Marine Pfc. William J. Fennell, Middlegrove, Ill., and William B. Barkacs, seaman, first class, of (1005 Van Slyke) St. Paul, Minn. (AP Photo/Official U.S. Navy Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Harry S. Truman, smiling, walks into the White House, Washington, D.C., April 13, 1945 as he reports for his first day’s duty as chief executive. Secret Service men guard him from the rear, after escorting him from his Connecticut Avenue apartment. (AP Photo/Robert Clover)

by: Associated Press

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Another batch of Liberated prisoners of war reached England on April 13, 1945. In a number of cases the men had been in captivity for over five years. A happy group of prisoners who were flown back to his country. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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FILE - In this April 17, 1943 file photo, President Franklin D. Roosevelt reviews the Army Auxiliaries at Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. with Col. Oveta Culp Hobby, head of the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) while on tour of the southeastern military posts. Charles Fredericks, Secret Service agent, adjusts the president's cape. The Secret Service has been tarnished by a prostitution scandal that erupted April 13, 2012 in Colombia involving 12 Secret Service agents, officers and supervisors and 12 more enlisted military personnel ahead of President Barack Obama's visit there for the Summit of the Americas. (AP Photo/George R. Skadding)

by: Associated Press

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Servicemen stand guard over the casket of President Roosevelt aboard a special train back to Washington on April 13, 1945 in Warm Spring. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Franklin Roosevelt, dedicating a marble temple to the memory of Thomas Jefferson, tells the assembled crowd in Washington on April 13, 1943 that the nation is paying “a debt, long overdue” to the third president of the United States. “He faced the fact,” Roosevelt said, “that men who will not fight for liberty can lose it. We, too, have faced hat fact.” (AP Photo/Robert Clover)

by: Associated Press

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U.S. Marine paratroopers, in training at a South Pacific base, use a portable tripod to shake out their parachutes and remove dirt and leaves on April 13, 1943. S/Sgt. Robert E. Sale of Chicago, right, directs the operation. The towers in the background are portable cabinets for drying wet chutes with heated air. (AP Photo/Pool/Joe Rosenthal)

by: Associated Press

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President Franklin Roosevelt, dedicating a marble temple to the memory of Thomas Jefferson, tells the assembled crowd in Washington on April 13, 1943 that the nation is paying “a debt, long overdue” to the third president of the United States. “He faced the fact,” Roosevelt said, “that men who will not fight for liberty can lose it. We, too, have faced hat fact.” (AP Photo/Robert Clover)

by: Associated Press

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President Franklin Roosevelt (center) dedicates a marble temple on the banks of the Tidal Basin, Washington, D.C., on April 13, 1943, to the memory of Thomas Jefferson, citing as Jefferson’s noblest words: “I have sworn upon the altar of God, eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of Man.” The president faces a throng on the steps of the memorial through the columns of loomed Jefferson’s statue. (AP Photo/Robert Clover)

by: Associated Press

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Ed Levy of the New York Yankees on April 13, 1942. (AP Photo)

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After receiving an air raid warning over the ether, Carl Gyor reports alarm to Principal Clara Gorman who sends out signal to each classroom in the McKinley Elementary School in Cleveland during a practice test, April 13, 1942. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Dean Virginia C. Gildersleeve contributes to the faculty’s bowl in the “race of dimes,” a war bond drive being staged by the undergraduates of Barnard College in New York on April 13, 1942. Holding the fish bowl is Pauline Washburn, chairman of the undergraduate committee. Five fish bowls, one for each of the undergraduate classes and the faculty, have been set up on the campus. The students have set a goal of $5000 by commencement time. (AP Photo/WW)

by: Associated Press

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Cuyahoga County's public, private and parochial schools with a total registration of 300,000 pupils are ready for an air raid. By means of a broadcasting and receiving system, each school in the area will receive a signal placing it on alert at the first report of enemy bombers. Each school is equipped with a radio receiving set which is turned to WBC; radio stations owned the operated by the Board of Education. Mary Rozance, using a police whistle, broadcasts an alarm over WBCE in Cleveland, April 13, 1942. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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An Australian fighter Squadron operating from Britain distinguished itself in Sweeps over occupied territory. Some of the squadron’s pilots April 13, 1942. (AP Photo)

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Top-hatted President Franklin Roosevelt and Mrs.Eleanor Roosevelt in her Easter Finery leave St. Thomas Episcopal Church, Washington, D.C., on April 13, 1941 after attending Easter services. The Rev. Walter S. Gale (left, front), Assistant rector stands beside the car behind him is the Rev. William S. Bishop. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Rev. Howard Wilkinson, sector of St. Thomas Episcopal Church, greets President Franklin and Mrs.Eleanir Roosevelt at the church door in Washington, D.C. on April 13, 1941 following Easter services. An altar boy (background) carries the cross of the Episcopal Church. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The US Battleship Tennessee makes a majestic picture as she steams into New York harbour, on April 13, 1939, passing the Statue of Liberty. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Federal alcohol tax unit agents found 300 gallons of alcohol in this hide-out in Kansas City on April 13, 1939. The chain at the right was pushed out of sight in the hole in the wall when the door was closed. A piece of mortar then was placed over the hole, concealing it. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The famous tower of Big Ben is framed through the scaffolding on the Victoria Tower of the Houses of Parliament, on April 13, 1939. Behind is the Charing Cross Railway Bridge, and to the left of Big Ben is seen Scotland Yard, World famous headquarters of Britain’s police organization. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Fascist Grand Council met in the Palazzo Venezia in Rome. The council approved the union with Albania, and announced that King Victor Emmanuel had decided to accept the Crown of Albanian. After the meting Benito Mussolini addressed a cheering crowd from the balcony of the Palace. The meeting of the Fascist Grand Council in Rome, Italy, on April 13, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Welsh boxer Tommy Farr and American boxer Red Burman weighed-in, at the Dean Street offices of the British Board of Boxing Control for their forthcoming fight at Harringay. Tommy Farr, left, and Red Burman at the weigh-in on April 13, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Following the entry of Italian troops into Albania over the Easter week-end the Albanian army retreated towards the Greek Border in orderly fashion and there was little fighting once the landing had been accomplished at Durazzo on Good Friday. But the Albanians did not intend to make the path of the invader any easier than they could help, so they blew up bridges on the roads leading to the interior of the country in order that the Italian advance should be impeded as much as possible. A bridge on the road from Durazzo to Tirana, the capital of Albania, blown up by the Albanian troops during their retreat, on April 13, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Once the landing of Italian troops in Albania and the occupation of the country by them was an accomplished fact, Count Ciano, the Italian Foreign Minister, and son-in-law of Signor Mussolini, flew to Tirana, the capital of Albania, to see that everything was proceeding according to plan. Count Ciano inspected troops and interviewed Italian officials in the occupied territory, and flew back to Brindisi after a visit lasting only for the greater part of one day. Count Ciano, centre, inspects Italian troops in Tirana, on April 13, 1939, during his flying visit. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Duke and Duchess of Windsor visited the studio of Sculptor Maxime Real del Sarte , who has just completed a memorial plaque in honour of Queen Victoria. The plaque will be erected at Biarritz on April 13, and unveiled by Georges Bonnet to commemorate the Queen’s visit fifty years ago. The Duke and Duchess of Windsor before the memorial plaque to Queen Victoria at the studio of Maxime Real del Sarte, in Paris, on March 3, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Sir Thomas Inskip, Minister for Co-ordination of Defence visited the Handley Page Aircraft works at Cricklewood, and saw the mass production of long-distance bombers ordered under the Royal Air Force expansion scheme. A view of the Handley Page works at Cricklewood, London, on April 13, 1937, the mass production scheme for the rapid production of giant bombers for the Royal Air Force. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Although her mother, Mrs. Lois Laurel, first wife of Stan Laurel, was seeking a court order to force the film comedian to pay her $1335 monthly for support of their daughter, Lois, age 10, the little girl was great friends with her father when they met as the alimony hearing continued in the Los Angeles courtroom on April 13, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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King Leopold III of the Belgians opened the Ghent Flower show at which a number of British horticulturists are exhibiting. King Leopold III, left,and his brother, Prince Charles watch Princess Josephine Charlotte reviewing a bouquet from a young patriot at the palace of flowers during their tour, on April 13, 1938. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Ark Royal, a £3, 000,000 aircraft carriers was launched at the yard of Messrs Cammell Laird in Birkenhead, Lancashire, Englandon April 13, 1937. A view of the aircraft carrier Ark Royal going down the slipway as she was launched at Birkenhead, England, on April 13, 1937. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The Ark Royal, a £3, 000,000 aircraft carriers was launched at the yard of Messrs Cammell Laird in Birkenhead, Lancashire, Englandon April 13, 1937. A view of the aircraft carrier Ark Royal taking the water with the assistance of tugs after she was launched. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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General Ismet Inonu, the Prime Minister of Turkey, had an unexpected meeting with the Premier of Bulgaria, George Kiosseivanoff, at the railway station at Sofia, through which General Inonu was passing in the train on his way to Belgrade. George Kiosseivanoff, Premier of Bulgaria, left, and General Ismet Inonu, Premier of Turkey, having an intimate chat in the railway station at Sofia, Bulgaria, on April 13, 1937. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A snake charmer performs, April 13, 1932. More people die of snake bite in India in a single year than do people in the United States from natural causes. In spite of the deadly bite of the cobra and other venomous snakes, thousands of Indians take to snake-charming as a regular profession. One of their principal sources of income is from American tourists, who delight in watching the “charmer” beguile his reptiles with music and soft words. (AP Photo/J.A. Mills)

by: Associated Press

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President Warren Harding, throwing out the 1st ball at the opening game of the American League season, Senators vs. Yankees, in Washington, April 13, 1922. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Pope John Paul II holds his skull cap as he admires the ceiling of the synagogue in Rome, April 13, 1986. At right is Rome's chief Rabbi Elio Toaff. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Fred Couples, right, slips on the traditional Masters green jacket with the help of last year's winner, Ian Woosnam, after winning the 1992 Masters at the Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Ga. Sunday, April 13, 1992. (AP Photo/Bill Waugh)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Papst Besuchte Synagoge. In Begleitung von Rabbi Toaff (re) betritt Papst Johannes Paul II. hier am Sonntag (13.4.1986) die Synagoge in Rom. Der Besuch in der am Tiber gelegenen Hauptsynagoge gilt als der Erste eines Oberhauptes der katholischen Kirche in einem juedischen Gotteshaus. (AP Photo) Pope John Paul II is escorted by Rome's cheif Rabbi Elio Toaff as they enter a Synagogue in Rome, Italy on April 13, 1986. It was the first recorded visit by a Pope to a Synagogue. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Boston Pops conductor John Williams, right, shakes hands with "Star Wars" character C-3PO at a news conference in this April 30, 1980 photo, in Boston. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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As day turns to dusk in New York City, an 84-foot balloon of King Kong clings to the top of the Empire State Building, April 13, 1983. It was inflated by workmen from the Robert Keith Company of San Diego to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the original "King Kong" movie. (AP Photo/G. Paul Burnett)

by: Associated Press

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Severiano Ballesteros, left, gets the Masters green coat from last year's winner Fuzzy Zoeller after winning the 1980 Masters Sunday, April 13, 1980. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Severiano Ballesteros of Spain hits from the first tee during the final day of the Masters Tournament in Augusta, Ga., April 13, 1980. He began the day as leader with a 13-under-par score of 203. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Bobby Seale, chairman of the Black Panther Party, rides a rush hour bus in Oakland, California on April 13, 1973 as he campaigns for vote in his bid to unseat incumbent Mayor John Reading. Oakland voters go to the polls on April 17 and Seale is now considered a front-running contender. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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British pop singer star Elton John, second from right, grabs an unidentified photographer from behind as the latter has a scuffle with unidentified member of John?s party in downtown Rome, Italy, April 13, 1973. John?s drummer Nigel Olsson, wearing what looks like women?s clothes, gets hold of John?s arm. Scuffle occurred when John refused to let the photographer take pictures of him. The singer performed on April 12 before 20,000 excited fans. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Professor Longhair performs at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival in New Orleans, La., April 13, 1973. Professor Longhair, whose real name is Henry Roland Byrd, first cut "Go to the Mardi Gras" in 1948. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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New York Knickerbocker coach Red Holzman shouts disapproval of referee's decision as the Knicks lose in the fourth game of the Boston-New York NBA playoff series in Boston, Ma., on April 13, 1969. The Celtics took a 3-1 lead by winning 97-96. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Masters winner George Archer stifles a yawn while Billy Casper, left, who had led the tournament through three days, looks downcast while they wait for the Green Coat presentation at Augusta National Golf Club Sunday evening in Augusta, Ga., April 13, 1969. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Young hippies walk along Haight St. in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco, Calif., on April 13, 1967. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Jim Blackford, of Corvallis, Ore., is thrown by Tokuaki Fujita of Japan in their 171. 5 pound match in San Francisco on April 13, 1965. Fujita decisioned Blackford in the first round of the U.S. National AAU Greco-Roman Wrestling Championship.(AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Teenagers dancing at a hangout in Rome, Italy, April 13, 1966. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Lyndon Johnson, with coattails flying, lets go with the pitch that officially opened the American League baseball season, April 13, 1964. The Los Angeles Angels defeated the Washington Senators 4-0 in the opener. (AP Photo/Henry Burroughs)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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President Lyndon Johnson throws out the first ball to open the American League baseball season, April 13, 1964. The first pitch ceremony preceded the opening game between the Los Angeles Angels and the Washington Senators. At left is House Speaker John McCormack of Massachusetts. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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A police officer holds the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. by his belt as he leads him to the paddy wagon, following arrest at an anti-segregation protest in downtown Birmingham, Ala., on April 13, 1963. An unidentified cameraman is documenting the scene. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A policeman gestures with his billy club and shouts at people to move on as two other officers haul away a black demonstrator following a protest march in Birmingham, Ala., April 13, 1963. About 60 people were jailed. (AP Photo/Horace Cort)

by: Associated Press

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Sargent Shriver, brother-in-law of President Kennedy, poses in his office on April 13, 1961 in Washington after he was sworn in as director of the Peace Corps. (AP Photo/HWG)

by: Associated Press

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Dr. Ray G. Wood, left, director of Ohio Scholarship Tests of the state Department of Education, and Glenn A. Rich, right, the state director of elementary and secondary education of the state Department of Education, with Paul L. Upp. Hillsboro school superintendent, as they left the Board of Education building in Hillsboro, Ohio on April 13, 1956 en route to Webster school to give tests to more than a score of African-American children whose immediate integration into the previously all-white Webster school has been ordered by the U.S. Court of Appeals. (AP Photo/Gene Smith)

by: Associated Press

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Scantily clad artiste Miss Sylvia Plake is presented to Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh at the Royal Command Variety performance at the Opera House in Blackpool, England on April 13, 1955- first occasion on which the annual show has been held outside London. Ballet stars, crooners, comedians and other artistes entertained the Queen, the Duke, and a big crowd and raised about £20,000 for the variety artistes benevolent fund. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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In the shipping room at Cutter Laboratories in Berkeley, Calif., workmen label the priority packages of Salk polio vaccine for distribution to West Coast points under direction of the Polio Research Foundation, April 13, 1955. Cutter Laboratories, along with other leading drug manufacturers, has been preparing a supply of the vaccine in anticipation of approval of the recent nationwide Salk vaccine tests. (AP Photo/Ernest K. Bennett)

by: Associated Press

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One of the last stages in drilling the first oil well in Kuwait on April 13, 1953. What may prove to be another oil producing field in the oil-rich Middle East is being developed after oil was struck in the Neutral Zone, south of Kuwait on March 23, 1953. The discovery was made by American Independent Oil Companies (Aminoil) jointly with Pacific Western Oil Company who cooperated in drilling. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Sen. Joseph McCarthy, right, talk to newsmen after a “peace” conference April 13, 1953 on an issue revolving around the Wisconsin senator’s efforts to restrict or stop Greek shipping to communist areas. Stassen once accused McCarthy of undermining state department foreign policy objectives but later softened his remarks. After the conference, Stassen said he “would be pleased to receive any inform from McCarthy and added he would “check it, evaluate it and report to his committee on the results.” McCarthy said the meting was "harmonious and friendly." (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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This is work? Skippy Campagna gets some fun out of his job as he polishes the Giant Slide at the Coney Island amusement park in Brooklyn, New York on April, 13, 1953. The slide is dusted with corn meal and wax shavings before Campagna slides down it on a king-size polishing cloth. It takes several trips to complete the job. (AP Photo/Ed Ford).

by: Associated Press

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Flanked by two Vatican dignitaries, England's presumptive future Queen, Princess Elizabeth, is escorted to the Clementine Hall for a visit with Pope Pius on April 13, 1951 in Vatican. At left is Monsignor Federico Callori Di Vignale. Papal Chamberlain, and at right is Monsignor Diego Venini, secret waiter to the Pope. The princes and her husband Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, were received by the Pope in a private audience lasting half an hour. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Clyde Lovellette received the "most valuable player" following the inaurgural game of the Shrine East-West basketball series in Kansas City April 13, 1952. Clyde dropped in 31 points to spark his team, the West, onto a 72 to 63 victory. Man presenting trophy is unidentified. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister, attacks the North Atlantic pact in his first speech before a plenary meeting of the present United Nations General Assembly at Flushing Meadow Park, New York, April 13, 1949. Gromyko accused nations who signed the pact of plotting atomic war against the Soviet Union. "The signatories to the North Atlantic Pact," said Gromyko, "are taking widespread military measures which cannot be justified by the interests of the countries' defense...these include plans for use of the atomic weapon? (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

by: Associated Press

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This lovely lope abreast a clear canal with beautiful cherry blossoms overhead is typical of the scenery to be found on April 13, 1948 in Kyoto, Japan, famous Japanese city of culture and beauty and the home of the Untied States Army?s Corps, commanded by Major General J.M. Swing. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A young woman worker reels the thread which will later be put on the weaving machine to make silk which made the city of Fukui famous in Japan, April 13, 1949. (AP Photo/Charles Gorry)

by: Associated Press

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Women and children gather along Hammers lane, Mill Hill, Middlesex in England on April 13, 1948 to get a glimpse of Princess Elizabeth (left) on her visit to the linen and woolen drapers institution and cottage homes. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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The Princesses Margaret Rose (left) and Elizabeth leave grounds in London, England, on April 13, 1948 where Britain's memorial to Franklin D. Roosevelt was unveiled, April 12, the third anniversary of the late president's death. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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The cross stitch, the fourth and last step of the “Gilda Glide,” the dance introduced by Arthur Murray, dance instructor, is being shown to a Marine by Dee Cranus, April 13, 1946 in New York. (AP Photo/Dan Grossi)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Bing Crosby, second from left, chats with manager Billy Herman, left, of the Pittsburgh Pirates, as he and three other owners of the Pirates attend an exhibition game with the Columbus Red Birds in Columbus, Ohio, April 13, 1947. The other three men are Tom Johnson, center, Frank McKinney, second from right, and John Galbraith, who with Crosby own the Pirates. (AP Photo/Harold Valentine)

by: Associated Press

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Observing the death of President Roosevelt, the United Nations flags fly at half mast at Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N.Y. on April 13, 1945. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)

by: Associated Press

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A heavily re-enforced fortress under construction on the French coast in France on April 13, 1944. This picture gives an idea of the great depth to which Hitler is sinking his much-boasted Atlantic Wall. Note concrete gun-turret on right of picture. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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People dressed in period costume take part in a parade of early model automobiles held in connection with the Automobile Golden Jubilee preview at Franklin Village near Detroit, Mi., April 13, 1946. The car in lead is an 1899 packard buggy and the oldest car in the procession. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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First Lieut. Arthur McGrath, of Boston, Mass., looks over a captured Japanese 3-inch naval gun April 13, 1944. Gun was located on top of large hill and commanded the view of Seeadler Harbor at Lorengau, Manus Island. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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AMM 3/c Murray Kowalczyk, West Warick, Rhode Island, does a little work on one of the engines of the Liberator, an antisubmarine patrol ship based at a former RAF station in England, April 13, 1944. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Frank Sinatra sings at the Red Cross War Fund baseball game between the Brooklyn Dodgers and Philadelphia Phillies at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, N.Y., April 13, 1944. He is joined in harmony by Dodgers coach Charley Dresser, left, Dodgers outfielder Dixie Walker, second from right, and Phillies manager Freddie Fitzsimmons. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Dutch Hiller, in dark shirt with back to camera, New York Ranger forward, tries a close shot which is blocked Turk Broda, Toronto Maple Leaf goalie in the Stanley Cup hockey playoff finale at Toronto, April 13, 1940. The Rangers won 3-2 in overtime. Ranger Phil Watson is at right. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Jefferson Memorial dedication ceremonies, April 13, 1943, looking across the tidal basin in Washington. Man standing on top of the memorial is a guard. (AP Photo/Gene Abbott)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Three sailors on shore leave cozy up with a woman named Georgia at a bar in New York on April, 13, 1939. The vanguard of the U.S. Naval fleet is in town for the World's Fair in Queens. (AP Photo/John Lindsay)

by: Associated Press

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Posters encouraging men to enlist in the Territorial Army are displayed on the railway bridge at Ludgate Circus, London, April 13, 1939. Centre back is the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral.

by: Associated Press

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National Service posters are displayed on the hoarding around the famous statue of Eros, in Piccadilly Circus, London, April 13, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Residents flee through war-torn streets in Lerida in the region of Catalonia in northeastern Spain, April 13, 1938 during the Spanish Civil War. The Nationalist rebels, led by Gen. Francisco Franco, and troops brought from Morocco, fought a battle with the Republican troops in the ruined streets. On April 3, the Republicans were eliminated from the town. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Mexican muralist Diego Rivera and his wife and fellow artist, Frida Kahlo, stand together at their Mexico City house April 13, 1939. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Lou Gehrig of the New York Yankees hits a home run in the second inning of game against the Brooklyn Dodgers as members of the U.S. fleet watch at Norfolk, Va., on April 13, 1939. The Dodgers beat the Yankees, 14-12. The Dodger catcher is Raymond Hayworth. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses Young Democrats of Maryland in Baltimore, April 13, 1936, as he outlines the New Deal's position on the major problem of unemployment. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Scoop shovels and brooms were wielded in western Kansas to rid sidewalks of deposits of sand earth after duststorms in Syracuse, Kansas, April 13, 1935. ( AP Photo )

by: Associated Press

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Already pledged to throw out the first ball and officially open the 1935 baseball season, President Roosevelt, April 13, 1935 at Washington, D.C., receiving his Major League pass from Ford Frick (left), President of the National League, and Clark Griffith (right), representing the American League. (AP Photo/WX)

by: Associated Press

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Keeping the rails clear so trains could go through was one of the major tasks of rail road men in western Kansas during the dust storms. Here is a group sweeping the dust from the tracks, April, 13, 1935, Syracuse, Ks. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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A ridge of sand covers a barn on a farm after a dust storm, April 13, 1935, Ok. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Betty Robinson of Chicago, who won the 100-meter sprints in the 1928 Olympics, is senn working out on roof track in New York, April 13, 1934. She's in New York to compete in the National Women's Indoor Track and Field Games in Brooklyn, April 14. Three years ago, she was badly injured in an airplane accident, and was told she would never compete again. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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Novelist Fannie Hurst stands amid the vegetables in an open market on the Lower East Side of New York City, April 13, 1932. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Boxing great Jack Dempsey presents New York Yankees slugger Babe Ruth with a king-sized bat before a game between the Yankees and Red Sox at New York's Yankee Stadium, April 13, 1933. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Delegates to the convention of the Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform gather in front of the Capitol Building for a group photo in Washington, D.C., April 13, 1932. The W.O.N.P.R. delegation is on hand to call on their representatives and senators to repeal the dry law. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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Mrs. Julius H. Haas dances with Henry Ford, April 13, 1931. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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by: Associated Press

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The liner Titanic leaves Southampton, England on her maiden voyage Wednesday, April 10, 1912. (AP photo)

by: Associated Press

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President Herbert Hoover is shown with Judge John Barton Payne, left, chairman of the American Red Cross, as the chief executive stood in Constitution Hall, Washington, D.C., April 13, 1931, and opened the annual meeting of Red Cross with praise of its refusal to take governmental aid in helping the drought sufferers. (AP Photo)

by: Associated Press

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